Here is an abbreviated variant (yet lavishly edifying) from one of the articles I composed concerning this topic.
Film presentation started to flourish during the Colonial time, with Glover Memorial Hall playing host to a scope of important movies saw by “potential Nigerians”, in August 1903. Nonetheless, the non-accessibility of legitimate records mirroring the title of the presentation film displayed has made a pass in the point of reference stock. Despite the lacuna, the way had been cleared for the show of more unfamiliar movies at the Hall and other assigned settings.
The sincerely damaging “Ace – Servant” relationship, clear in the steady attacks, batteries, terrorizing, isolation, exploitation, done by the Colonial experts on the colonized, with obscured billows of hatred, retribution, hunger for opportunity, offering approach to splattering drops of such musings, intuitively extended through the colonized irregular in-subordinate activities, started to spread among the blacks. The British realized they needed to string with alert on the off chance that they actually needed to play “god” in their lives when movies, for example, Tales of Manhattan, Trailer horn, Tarzan arrangement started to work up an unrest in the hearts of Blacks over the globe.
Mindful of the deadly intensity of revolt which could be released through the Film medium, the British out of dread for their lives and conceivable loss of the Queen’s power took the bull by the horn, and quickly made a Colonial Film Censors Board (FCB) in 1933 to blue pencil and group films before they were delivered for visual utilization by people in general. Following the foundation of the board, Films, for example, “The crude, crude man, Dixie, Buffalo Bill, The Keys of the Kingdom, Sleepy Town Girl were labeled ‘reasonable’ to be viewed, while Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde, Clive of India, The Isle of Forgotten Sins, House of Frankenstein were viewed as unacceptable for survey.
The Censor’s body went through a change cycle into the Federal Board of Film Censors (FBFC) from the previously mentioned, and the laws from which the changed body got its forces went from the 1948 Cinematograph Laws of Nigeria, the Cinematograph Laws of 1963, to the 1963/64 Cinematograph Law and Regulations. The current National Film and Video Censors Board appeared by excellence of declaration, presently Act 85 of 1993. The appearance of Nigeria’s Independence (1960) and the Republican status (1963), proclaimed the beginning of another time in all areas.
“The Yoruba Traveling Theater Group” of the 60’s and 70’s can be alluded to as the “Wellspring Head” of film creations in Nigeria. The veterans with extraordinary Theatrical aptitudes and incredible exhibitions took their works past the stage, and bird into the ocean of film creations utilizing the Celluloid configuration. Striking producers on the Roll call of Honor during the Celluloid blast period of the 70’s incorporate Ola Balogun, Eddie Ugbomah, late Herbert Ogunde, Adeyemi Afolayan a.k.a Ade Love (father of Kunle Afolayan of the Irapada popularity), Ladi Ladebo, Moses Adejumo, Adebayo Salami and Afolabi Adesanya.
The rundown of recorded movies delivered during the 70’s time and rising above fairly into the 80’s is basically astounding and demonstrates that the Movie Industry has been around any longer, in spite of the ‘1992 conviction condition’ most have been infused with. Such works incorporate Kongi Harvest (1971), Alpha (1972), Bull Frog in the Sun (1974), Amadi (1975), Ajani Ogun (1975), Muzik Man (1976), Bisi, Daughter of the River (1977), Ija Ominira (1978), Aiye (1979), Kadara (1980), Jaiyesimi (1980) Efunsetan Aniwura (1981), Cry Freedom (1981),Ija Orogun (1982) Owo L’Agba (1982)
The expense of delivering films in that time was monetarily overwhelming, with Nigerians further disappointing the endeavors of the producers by picking to watch movies of occidental and oriental inception at the Cinemas and Exhibition focuses, instead of the privately created ones. The Cowboy films were elating to watch while the Chinese movies strutted among others, the Legendary “Bruce Lee” in (Lo Wei’s, The Big Boss (1971), Fist of Fury (1972), Way of the Dragon (1972), Enter the Dragon (1973), The Game of Death delivered in 1978) who showed Martial Arts skill, clearly a battling method outsider, yet captivating to us around then.
Indian movies in the last part of the 60’s and well into the 70’s strutted eminent names like Rajesh Khanna, Dharmendra Singh Deol, Mumtaz, Amitabh Bachchan, Anil kapoor, Hema Malini, and created hits, for example, “Bobby”, “Sholay”, “Kabhi”, “Dharamveer”, “Amar Akbar Anthony”. Their stars showed incredible acting abilities against the background of adoration subjects, and ear satisfying melodies combined with synchronized move steps, delivered with sound and enhancements, however exceptional with what gets today purchased over the indigenes dependability for their motion pictures.
Hence, the Movie Founding Fathers started to confront the difficulties of recovering their ventures, which step by step turned out to be essentially an outlandish assignment, a song of devotion they continually delivered a lot to the inconvenience of likely financers. They tallied their misfortunes and licked their injuries supported in the monetary fight with each film they delivered. The storm of VCRS in the 80’s made a change in perspective from the Cine to the VHS design, which made creations simpler, quicker and less expensive by an achievement in contrast with the previous. Film houses and other Exhibition habitats were at last closed down and the Baton of Cine film making slipped from the hands of the Founding originators as they endeavored to hand over the film twirly doo to the cutting edge inside the specified Baton Exchange Zone. The fantasy about turning into a re-nowned Movie Industry was broken when the progression of the Film Relay cycle was broken.
Home Videos were created which filled in as an option in contrast to the films, and the name normally originates from the way that you could situate inside the solace of your home and watch the motion pictures delivered in the VHS design by means of your VCR. Producers exploited the additions of the Home Video idea offered, and started delivering motion pictures utilizing the Yoruba language as the methods for correspondence. In any case, the year “1992” has additional time been broadly acknowledged as the setting off time of Home Video creations, with Ken Nnebue’s “Living in Bondage” said to be the primary film made for business purposes utilizing the Igbo/English language.
The film no uncertainty struck the “Film Well”, which summoned a mass migration of individuals from different circles into the craft of film creations, having seen the open doors that lay in the Gold mine area. In this way, did the Home Video Industry labeled “Nollywood” arise.
The way that “Living in Bondage” was attributed with the honor of being the principal film made for business purposes and the one whereupon the Home Video unrest was supposedly established on, finishing into Nollywood, didn’t go unchallenged. Late Alade Aromire before his demise, lighted a disputable fire, demanding that his and not Ken’s film should have been deliberated with such an honor. When stood up to by a columnist on the issue he’d expressed that Ken had delivered more than 40 Yoruba motion pictures, and had begun with “Aje N’yami”.
There had been a thriving film industry before he went ahead board, so ken couldn’t have begun it.
The disarray comes from the Censors leading group of the day, whose hands were severed by the Law it drew its forces from, (1963/64 Cinematograph Law and Regulations). The forces gave on it to direct the Industry didn’t stretch out to “Home Video”. The current National Film and Video Censors Board (NFVCB) didn’t exist till 1994. On this furious issue, Late Alade Armoire delivered motion pictures, for example, Ekun, Omije (pts 1-3), Obirin Asiko, Ayo ni o, Adun, Orire which were delivered to general society somewhere in the range of 1985 and 1991.
Ken Nnebue actually demands that his film “Living in Bondage” was the principal Home Video film made for business purposes. His remain on the issue is somewhat temperamental, having before the creation of Living in Bondage supported business motion pictures in Yoruba language, for example, Ina Ote, Aje N’iyami and others. We should not overlook the blast of Yoruba TV dramatizations that were mass created on VHS tapes and offered to people in general before 1992. One can’t neglect to make reference to the amazing Eddie Ugbomah’s film “The Great Attempt” (1989), which would have impacted the world forever as the first Nigerian cine film in the video tape organization to have been controlled by the outdated Federal Board of Film Censors (FBFC) in view of a “extraordinary concession” conceded him authoritatively by the lasting secretary of the Federal Ministry of Information and Culture around then
Lamentably the solid substance extended in the film were viewed as inadmissible for public review by the Board, thus the film was never delivered. Tunde Alabi – Hundeyin’s “Iyawo Alhaji” is authoritatively on record as the main business (direct to show lobby) video movie to be blue-penciled and ordered by the NFVCB in 1994 at the National Theater, (Cinema Hall) Iganmu. Regardless of the questionable fire raised, the worldwide exposure given to “Living in Bondage” throughout the years perpetually ascribed the film into our memory banks as the banner conveyor of the Home Video unrest, all things considered. Individuals, independent of Nationality, race, sexual orientation, and clan are gone up against with challenges consistently. A portion of these issues are of a worldwide sort, while others are impossible to miss to different social orders. Films offer individuals the chance of recounting their own accounts, liberated from outsider impedance.
Nigerian film makers utilized on this and created motion pictures anticipating our way of life, culture, neighborhood style, consuming issues, issues tormenting our general public, independent of the gagging smell of tribalism saw in all areas. Motion pictures were made for the review delight of Nigerians at first, (before the mass exportation furor), with messages to move, rouse, denounce, and right irregularities particularly in the Political, Social frameworks, to es